Far beyond the city limits of sparkling Rio de Janeiro lie some of Brazil's most spectacular gems for those seeking genuine nature travel. The striking yellow breast and beak of the saffron toucanet is one such wonder, and can be found in Iguazu National Park (pictured) on a Pantanal expedition.

Males have red markings on their beaks, rumps and around their eyes, accenting their golden heads and breasts, and olive mantles. Females have less gold and more olive coloring. Both male and female have smaller beaks than the some toucans, with patches of color that fade from red, grey, green and blue to a yellowish-grey tip, according to Arkive.

Visitors should listen for a "teeee-yup," "yeep" or "yi" sound coming from the trees in the subtropical forests there to spot a saffron toucanet. The birds occupy forests in southeast Brazil, east Paraguay and northeast Argentina, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and are common in mountainous regions, where it has been found as at elevations as high as 1,550 meters.

IUCN ranks this species near threatened, and suspects that habitat loss and capture for illegal cagebird trade are causing "moderately rapid" declines in population.

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