Cuba's Endemic Birds

Updated after March 28, 2013 Cuba departure

While the island of Cuba has very few large mammals, the country does have a wide array of birdlife, reptiles and small mammals. In fact, guests on International Expeditions’ people-to-people Cuba travel program have spotted a number of endemic species, including Cuban trogon, Cuban tody and some of the island’s other 28 endemic bird species.

(E = Endemic; NE = Near endemic of Cuba and 1-2 other islands; CRE = Caribbean regional endemic)

  • Brown Booby—Sula leucogaster
  • Brown Pelican—Pelecanus occidentalis
  • Double-crested Cormorant—Phalacrocorax auritus
  • Neotropical Cormorant—Phalacrocorax brazilianus
  • Anhinga—Anhinga anhinga
  • Magnificent Frigatebird—Fregata magnificens
  • Great Blue Heron—Ardea herodius
  • Great Egret—Ardea alba
  • Snowy Egret—Egretta thula
  • Little Blue Heron—Egretta caerulea
  • Cattle Egret—Bubulcus ibis
  • Green Heron—Butorides virescens
  • Black-crowned Night-Heron—Nycticorax nycticorax
  • White Ibis—Eudocimus albus
  • Black Vulture –Coragyps atratus
  • Turkey Vulture—Cathartes aura
  • Greater Flamingo—Phoenicopterus ruber
  • Northern Shoveler—Anus clypeata
  • American Wigeon—Anus americana
  • Osprey—Pandion haliaetus
  • Snail Kite—Rostrhamus sociabilis
  • (E) Gundlach’s Hawk—Accipiter gundlachi
  • Broad-winged Hawk—Buteo platypterus
  • Red-tailed Hawk--Buteo jamaicensis
  • No. Crested Caracara —Caracara cheriway
  • American Kestrel—Falco sparverius
  • Peregrine Falcon—Falco peregrinus
  • Helmeted Guineafowl—Numida meleagris
  • (HO) Clapper Rail—Rallus longirostris
  • Purple Gallinule—Porphyrio martinica
  • Common Moorhen—Gallinula chloropus
  • American Coot—Fulica americana
  • Limpkin—Aramus guarauna
  • Killdeer—Charadrius vociferus
  • Black-necked Stilt—Himantopus mexicanus
  • Greater Yellowlegs—Tringa melanoleuca
  • Spotted Sandpiper—Actitis macularia
  • Laughing Gull—Larus atricilla
  • Herring Gull—Larus agrentatus
  • Gull-billled Tern—Gelochelidon (formerly Sterna) nilotica
  • Royal Tern--Sterna maxima
  • Rock Pigeon—Columba livia
  • (CRE) Scaly-naped Pigeon—Columba squamosa
  • (CRE) White-crowned Pigeon—Columba leucocephala
  • Eurasian Collared-Dove—Streptopelia decaocto
  • Common Ground Dove—Columbina passerine
  • White-winged Dove—Zenaida asiatica
  • (CRE) Zenaida Dove—Zenaida aurita
  • Mourning Dove—Zenaida macroura
  • (E) Gray-fronted (Gray-headed) Quail Dove—Geotrygon caniceps
  • (E) Cuban Parakeet—Aratinga euops
  • (NE) Cuban Parrot—Amazona leucocephala
  • (NE) Great Lizard-Cuckoo—Saurothera merlini
  • Smooth-billed Ani—Crotophaga ani
  • (E) Cuban (Bare-legged) Screech Owl—Gymnoglauz (formerly Otus) lawrencii
  • (E) Cuban Pygmy Owl—Glaucidium siju
  • Stygian Owl—Asio stygius
  • Common Nighthawk—Chordeiles minor
  • (CRE) Antillean Nighthawk—Chordeiles gundlachii
  • (CRE) Antillean Palm Swift—Tachornis phoenicobia
  • (NE) Cuban Emerald—Chlorostilbon ricordii
  • (E) Bee Hummingbird—Mellisuga helenae
  • (E) Cuban Trogon—( “Tecororo” Cuba’s national bird)— Priotelus temnurus
  • (E) Cuban Tody—Todus multicolor
  • Belted Kingfisher—Ceryle alcyon
  • (NE) West Indian Woodpecker—Melanerpes supercilliaris
  • (E) Cuban Green Woodpecker—Xiphidiopicus percussus
  • Northern Flicker—Colaptes auratus
  • (E) Fernandina’s Flicker—Colaptes fernandinae
  • (NE) Cuban Pewee—Contopus caribaeus
  • (NE) La Sagra’s Flycatcher—Myiarchus sagrae
  • Gray Kingbird—Tyrannus dominicensis
  • (CRE) Loggerhead Kingbird—Tyrannus caudifasciatus
  • (E) Cuban Vireo—Vireo gundlachii
  • Red-eyed Vireo—Vireo olivaceous
  • (CRE/breeding) Black-whiskered Vireo—Vireo altiloquus
  • (NE) Cuban Crow—Corvus nasicus
  • (E/breeding) Cuban Martin—Progne cryptoleuca
  • Tree Swallow—Tachycineta bicolor
  • Cave Swallow—Pterochelidon fulva
  • (E) Cuban Solitaire—Myadestes elisabeth
  • (CRE) Red-legged Thrush—Turdus plumbeus
  • Gray Catbird—Dumetella carolinensis
  • Northern Mockingbird—Mimus polyglottos T
  • Tennessee Warbler—Vermivora peregrina
  • Northern Parula—Parula americana
  • Yellow Warbler—Dendroica petechial
  • Cape May Warbler—Dendroica tigrina
  • Black-throated Blue Warbler—Dendroica caerulescens
  • Black-throated Green Warbler—Dendroica virens
  • Yellow-throated Warbler—Dendroica dominica
  • Prairie Warbler—Dendroica discolor
  • Palm Warbler—Dendroica palmarum
  • Black-and-White Warbler—Mniotilta varia
  • American Redstart—Setophaga ruticilla
  • Ovenbird—Seiurus aurocapilla
  • Northern Waterthrush—Seiurus noveboracensis
  • Louisiana Waterthrush—Seiurus motacilla
  • Common Yellowthroat—Geothlypis trichas
  • (E) Yellow-headed Warbler—Teretistris fernandinae
  • Red-legged Honeycreeper—Cyanerpes cyaneus
  • (CRE) Western Stripe-headed Tanager (also called Western Spindalis)—Spindalis zena
  • Summer Tanager—Piranga rubra
  • Scarlet Tanager—Piranga olivacea
  • (NE) Cuban Bullfinch—Melopyrrha nigra
  • (E) Cuban Grassquit—Tiaris canora
  • Yellow-faced Grassquit—Tiaris olivacea
  • Painted Bunting—Passerina ciris
  • (E) Red-shouldered Blackbird—Agelaius assimilis
  • (NE) Tawny-shouldered Blackbird—Agelaius humeralis
  • Eastern Meadowlark—Sturnella magna
  • (E) Cuban Blackbird—Dives atroviolacea
  • (CRE) Greater Antillean Grackle—Quiscalus niger
  • Shiny Cowbird—Molothrus bonariensis
  • (E) Cuban (split from Black-cowled) Oriole—Icterus dominicensis
  • House Sparrow—Passer domesticus
  • Chestnut Mannikin—Lonchura malacca

(List provided by Peg Abbott of Naturalist Journeys and Wayne Peterson, Director, Massachusetts Important Bird Areas Program, Massachusetts Audubon Society and Field Guides Inc. birding guide to Cuba three times, most recently, April, 2012)