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Many visitors to eastern Africa see massive elephants on Kenya and Tanzania safaris, but those seeking nature travel, including guests on one of International Expeditions’ Borneo tours, have an opportunity to enjoy an even more unique sighting.

Pygmy elephants, a type of Asian elephant, are genetically distinct from other Asian elephants, according to a 2003 study by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and Columbia University. They are therefore a subspecies, but scientists are still trying to determine whether they are endemic to Borneo.

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While much of the Western world has shed the religious associations of Halloween in favor of focusing on pranks, costumes and copious amounts of candy, as you travel around the globe you can find a number of fascinating ways to celebrate one of the world’s oldest holidays.

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Like many species of the Galapagos Islands, marine and land iguanas are colorful, eccentric and can vary noticeably depending on the island you happen to be visiting.

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Andean condors offer the ultimate in viewings for avid birders and amateurs alike. The massive birds are some of the largest flying creatures in the world, and are a highlight of nature travel through the Andes. A particularly good place to spot these awesome animals is at Torres del Paine National Park in Patagonia.

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Panama is full of fascinating sights, both man made and natural. And while exploring the historical and engineering wonders of the canal is a highlight for many first-time visitors to Panama, nature travel enthusiasts will want to check out Soberanía National Park for a different kind of excitement.

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From the pyramids to the Nile, an Egypt tour has an aspect of adventure and discovery unmatched by any other place on earth. But why? As Gina Davidson writes for the Scotsman, Egyptians didn't exactly do that much for modern society. The preoccupation with Romans makes sense, as they left behind legacies such as roads, viaducts and bridges that we still use today. But Egyptians, with their hieroglyphs, mummies and animal-headed gods left us fascinating artifacts for museums.

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Researchers from Case Western Reserve University recently found the oldest fossils on the South American continent along the banks of the Ucayali River, an offshoot of the Amazon River.

The fossils, which are at least 41 million years old, are the teeth of mouse and rat-sized animals that experts say are most closely related to African rodents. They are from the suborder Caviomorpha, which means they are related to living species such as guinea pigs, chinchillas and New World porcupines.

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One of the most exciting aspects of a Turkey and Greece cruise is reliving the ancient history that is scattered across the islands and peninsulas. In ancient times and today, people were familiar with Aphrodite, the goddess of love. But it was not until Praxiteles, a sculptor from the 4th century B.C., made his famous work that the world came to know her in the buff.

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Heavy on rice and beans, Costa Rican cuisine also incorporates ingredients native to the country like beef, chicken and fish.

Costa Rican cuisine is known for being simple and not highly seasoned, which, for some, makes it less than memorable. But as you travel throughout Costa Rica, foodies can find an infusion of flavors from around the world. Whether looking for a French, Italian, Peruvian or Japanese dish, it can be found on your Costa Rica tour!

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Of the myriad species spotted on Galapagos Islands cruises, most travelers expect to see rare and exotic species of sea turtles. Now it seems that the days when vacationers could see the ancient Pinta tortoise could be numbered, as the species has dwindled down to a single representative.

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