Borneo

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International Expeditions’ Borneo tour is ideal for those fascinated by the natural world. One of the world's oldest rainforests is located on this Pacific island, and World Wildlife Fund reports that there are at least 100 endemic species of mammals, birds and fish that call Borneo home, including the extremely rare Miller's grizzled langurs.

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Colorful, spindly-legged and elusive is how many scientists might describe the Sambas stream toad, or Borneo rainbow toad. Although its existence was recorded through an illustration nearly 90 years ago, the toad has managed to evade photographers, artists - virtually all humans - since 1924. Until recently. In June, conservationists managed to take the first photographs of this amphibian, the Belfast Telegraph reports. The endangered toad was found during a "global search for lost amphibians" by Conservation International.

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While the nature travel experiences of a Borneo tour are unrivaled, the culinary experiences there might rank just as high.

Traditional Indonesian food is found throughout Kuching, the capital of the largest state of Borneo. However, the state of Sarawak has its own unique cuisine that should not be missed!

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Borneo, the third largest island in the world, is home to more than 11,000 different species of flowering plants. After the monsoon season ends around March, the island comes alive with colorful blooms that make this a picturesque nature travel destination. The rafflesia is perhaps the most well-known flower in Borneo and the largest flower in the world. Lucky guests on IE’s Borneo tour Poring Hot Springs, part of Kinabalu National Park, where the rafflesia grows.

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There are many places that travelers can go to see primates in action, but only one place where nature travelers on a Borneo tour can find the Bornean gibbon.

This primate is an endangered species, based on an estimated population reduction of more than 50 percent over the past three generations, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Red List (IUCN). The animals suffer from "rampant" habitat loss and over-utilization, and also fall victim to hunting, the wildlife trade and illegal hunting.

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Many visitors to eastern Africa see massive elephants on Kenya and Tanzania safaris, but those seeking nature travel, including guests on one of International Expeditions’ Borneo tours, have an opportunity to enjoy an even more unique sighting.

Pygmy elephants, a type of Asian elephant, are genetically distinct from other Asian elephants, according to a 2003 study by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and Columbia University. They are therefore a subspecies, but scientists are still trying to determine whether they are endemic to Borneo.

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Although nature travel to the island of Borneo can allow visitors to see beautiful turquoise waters and hundreds of technicolor birds in the sky, venturing underground gives explorers a whole new world to discover. According to Bat Conservation International, the island is home to more than 100 species of bats, many of which live in the vast cave system there.

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A new species of fungi was recently discovered in the forests of Borneo. Those who travel to Borneo should keep their eyes peeled for a bright orange sponge that vaguely resembles the Nickelodeon character Spongebob Squarepants.

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Borneo's forests have varieties of flora and fauna that will stun anyone looking for a true nature travel adventure. In the Mount Kinabalu National Park alone there are nine species of carnivorous pitcher plants.

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Nature travel through Borneo’s Mount Kinabulu National Park will bring visitors face to face with thousands of different plant species, as the island hosts more than half the world's species of flowering plants. Orchids — the tall, floral species that most people only encounter at their local grocery stores or greenhouses — flourish here.

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